Poverty in Northern Ireland
The most recent statistics, published on 05 August 2021 are for the period April 2019 to March 2020. At that time around 313,000 (17%) people in Northern Ireland lived in relative income poverty (before housing costs) including approximately 100,000 (22%) children. People are considered to be living in relative income poverty if the income of their household is less than 60% of the UK median household income.
13% of people (approx. 241,000) in Northern Ireland live in absolute poverty before housing costs. This can be further broken down to: 17% of children, 14% of pensioners and 11% of the working age population. The causes of poverty are many and varied. People are considered to be in absolute income poverty if the income of their household is less than 60% of the UK median household income for 2010-11 (adjusted year on year for inflation). Further information on the statistics can be found within the Family Resources Survey.
There is a statutory obligation in section 28E of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 for the Executive to “adopt a strategy setting out how it proposes to tackle poverty, social exclusion and patterns of deprivation based on objective need”.
In line with New Decade New Approach, the Department is developing an Anti-Poverty Strategy that aims to address inequalities and obstacles that directly affect the everyday lives of the most vulnerable people in society and will bring focus to identifying and addressing the issues, barriers and disadvantages that undermine equality of opportunity.
The Expert Panel have provided their recommendations to the Minister and their report is available.
Work on the development of the Anti-Poverty Strategy continues with a Co-design Group and a Cross-departmental Working Group. The Co-Design Group was established in November 2020 and comprises a membership of 27 voluntary and community and advisory organisations with a presence in NI that represent the breadth of work in the sector and have strong connections across the range of stakeholders whose views will need to be taken into account in developing in the Strategy. The Expert Advisory Panel met with and presented their recommendations to the Co-design Group on 8 December 2020.
The Cross-departmental Working Group was established in January this year and is made up of senior representatives across all departments who are currently working alongside DfC to develop the Strategy.
Child Poverty Strategy
The Executive’s Child Poverty Strategy, published in March 2016, sets out the vision to eradicate child poverty in the future. The aims of the strategy are to: reduce the number of children in poverty; and reduce the impact of living in poverty on children (their lives and life chances). The Strategy sets out our goals to ensure programmes and policies provide extra support for children in poverty, improve outcomes for children in low-income families and take children out of poverty.
The Executive agreed to extend the 2016 -2019 Child Poverty Strategy to May 2022. The Anti-Poverty Strategy Expert Advisory Panel’s report is being used to inform the development of the Executive’s Anti-Poverty Strategy and the recommendations relating to child poverty are being considered in this context.
The Action Plan accompanying the Child Poverty Strategy has also been updated to reflect ongoing priorities and programmes tackling child poverty and its impacts.
Annual Reports on the Child Poverty Strategy are laid in the Assembly. The Annual Reports can be downloaded at the links below:
- Child Poverty Annual Report 2020/21
- Child Poverty Annual Report 2019/20
- Child Poverty Annual Report 2018/19
- Anti-Poverty Strategy expert advisory panel - terms of reference
- Anti-Poverty Strategy co-design group - terms of reference
Research has been carried out into a number of key issues affecting people affected by poverty. Please click on the links below to view some of the most recent reports.
- Neighbourhood Renewal People and Place
- Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Renewal Strategy
- People and Place Engagement Events – Feedback Report 2019
- NIHE Homelessness Strategy
- Fuel Poverty Strategy
- Tackling Rural Poverty and Social Isolation Framework
- Initiatives to Tackle Rural Poverty and Social Isolation Framework
- DoH - Health Inequalities – Regional Report 2016
- Making Life Better: A Whole System Strategic Framework for Public Health 2013-2023
- Social Metrics Commission - Measuring Poverty 2020
- Universal Credit Statistics and Covid-19 Management Information